Joao Marcelo last saw his daughter Sofia in 2019
He struggles to have any regular continued communication with her
Astrud Gilberto died without knowing her grand daughter, Sofia, as anything other than an infant
Sofia, born American, has been completely alienated from her paternal family, and speaks no English
The International Parental Kidnapping Crime Act 1993 (IPKCA) is a United States federal law.
H.R. 3378, approved December 2, was assigned Public Law No. 103-173
and signed as Public Law 103-322 by President Bill Clinton on September 2, 1993.
This law makes it a federal crime to remove a child from the United States
or retain a child outside the United States with the intent to obstruct a parent's custodial rights,
or to attempt to do so (See 18 U.S.C. § 1204.)
This crime is punishable by up to three years in prison.